df-2-2

Dong Feng-2 (CSS-1) Short-Range Ballistic Missile

Fact Sheet Number of stages 1 Flight range 1,200 km Body length 20.9 m Body diameter 1.65 m Launch mass 29.8 t Propulsion 1 x 5D60 rocket engine Fuel Alcohol Oxidiser Liquid oxygen (LOX) First flight June 1964 Development History The Fifth Academy of Ministry of National Defence gained considerable knowledge and experience in missile design through the development of the Soviet R-2 (SS-2 ‘Sibling’) … Continue reading Dong Feng-2 (CSS-1) Short-Range Ballistic Missile

Beidou_navigation_satellite_system

CZ-3B launched two BeiDou-M navigation satellites from Xichang

A Chang Zheng-3B (Long March-3B) launch vehicle carrying two BeiDou-M navigation satellites lifted off from Launch Complex 2 (LC2) of the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre (XSLC) at local time 20:29 (12:29 GMT) on Saturday 25 July 2015. This is the third orbital launch conducted by China in 2015, and the second launch mission for the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System this year, following the launch of the Beidou … Continue reading CZ-3B launched two BeiDou-M navigation satellites from Xichang

CC-1 space shuttle

History of China’s Manned Space Programme (Part 2): Space Shuttle vs Capsule

By the early 1980s, the Chinese space industry had shifted its priority to application satellites and commercial launch services. However, internal debates over the method to send human into space continued within the scientific community. Various designs for manned spacecraft ranging from manned capsule to space shuttles and spaceplanes were drawn up for evaluation. Research on space medicine and astronaut training also continued quietly. Discussions over … Continue reading History of China’s Manned Space Programme (Part 2): Space Shuttle vs Capsule

Shuguang 1 flight control diagram

History of China’s Manned Space Programme (Part 1): Shuguang 1 and Project 714

The Chinese political leadership made the decision to embark on a manned space programme in 1992, but China’s effort to send human into orbit can date back to the late 1960s when the country first initiated its space endeavour. Planning for a Manned Space Mission China briefly attempted to launch an artificial Earth satellite into orbit in 1958, but the programme was cancelled in early … Continue reading History of China’s Manned Space Programme (Part 1): Shuguang 1 and Project 714

Chang'e 5-T1 return capsule after landing

Chang’e 5-T1 Test Mission

Chang’e 5-T1 is a precursor mission to Chang’e 5, China’s robotic lunar sample return mission scheduled for 2017. The primary objective of the mission is to validate the design of Chang’e 5’s return capsule and to demonstrate high-speed atmospheric re-entry from the translunar flight. Spacecraft The Chang’e 5-T1 spacecraft, designed and built by the China Academy of Space Technology (CAST), consists of a Service Module … Continue reading Chang’e 5-T1 Test Mission

Project 1059 Missile

Dong Feng-1 Short-Range Ballistic Missile

The Dong Feng-1 (DF-1) was a Chinese copy of the Russian R-2 (SS-2 ‘Sibling’) short-rage ballistic missile (SRBM). Originally known as ‘1059 Missile’, the DF-1 was developed by the Fifth Academy of Ministry of National Defence led by Dr Qian Xuesen and test launched for the first time in November 1960. Development History The PRC decided to embark on a programme to develop the nuclear … Continue reading Dong Feng-1 Short-Range Ballistic Missile

Gaofen 8 Earth-observation satellite launched from Taiyuan

A Chang Zheng-4B (CZ-4B) launch vehicle lifted off from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Centre (TSLC) at 14:22 local time (06:22 GMT) on 26 June. Carried atop the rocket was Gaofen 8 (Gaofen = “High Resolution”), an Earth-obsevation satellite designed to provide high-resolution images of Earth surfaces. Gaofen 8 is the third satellite in China’s HDEOS (High-Definition Earth-Observation Satellite) programme. The satellites’ primary goal is to provide NRT … Continue reading Gaofen 8 Earth-observation satellite launched from Taiyuan

CZ-3C/YZ-1 Beidou  I1S

China opens 2015 campaign with navigation satellite lofted into orbit

China opened its 2015 launch campaign on 30 March, with a next-generation Bei Dou (BD) navigation satellite lofted into orbit atop a modified Chang Zheng-3C (CZ-3C) rocket. The launch vehicle lifted off from Launch Complex 2 of the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre (XSLC) at 21:52 local time (13:52 GMT). This is the 17th Bei Dou navigation satellite launched since 1998. The satellite, designated Beidou 3-I1-S, … Continue reading China opens 2015 campaign with navigation satellite lofted into orbit

CZ-7 drill rocket on the mobile launcher platform

CZ-7 launch drill under way at Hainan

An all-system drill simulating the launch of a Chang Zheng-7 (CZ-7, or Long March-7) rocket is currently under way at the newly-built Hainan launch centre. Photos circulating on the Chinese social media show a non-flying CZ-7 drill rocket identical to that used in a real launch standing on the mobile launcher platform (MLP) at Hainan. Chinese news media reported in December last year that the … Continue reading CZ-7 launch drill under way at Hainan

CZ3-FY2G

Feng Yun 2G launched by CZ-3A from Xichang

On 31 December 2014, a Chang Zheng-3A (CZ-3A) rocket launched from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in central China placed the Feng Yun 2G meteorology satellite into orbit, making the 16th and final Chinese space launch in 2014. The three-stage CZ-3A lifted off from the Launch Complex 2 in Xichang at 09:02 Beijing Time (01:02 GMT). The satellite was initially placed into a Geostationary Transfer … Continue reading Feng Yun 2G launched by CZ-3A from Xichang