Beijing Space City is a space centre for human space flight training, R&D, and flight control. The facility was built in the late 1990s to support China’s manned space programme Project 921. It is a large campus covering 2.3 km2 (577 acres) of land in Tangjialing in the northwest suburb of Beijing.
Beijing Space City is the home to Beijing Aerospace Control Centre (BACC), the mission control centre that supported all of the Shenzhou flight missions, the Chang’e lunar probing missions, and the operations of the Tiangong 1 Space Laboratory. The mission control centre is housed insde the iconic space flight control building, which accommodates a large mission control hall and several flight control rooms.
The space city is also the home to Astronaut Centre of China (ACC), which handles all aspects of the astronaut selection and training process for the Chinese manned space programme. Training facilities inside the centre include human centrifuge, impact platform, vacuum chambers, a full-scale Shenzhou simulator, and a large neutral buoyancy water tank for EVA training.
Beijing Space City is also the place where Shenzhou manned spacecraft, Tiangong 1 Space Laboratory, Chang’e lunar probes, and various satellites were built and tested. China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) relocated its head office and most of its spacecraft R&D facilities to the campus in 1998. Currently the spacecraft fabrication facilities include a spacecraft assembly, integration and test (AIT) buildings, wind tunnels, and large thermal vacuum chambers (TVC).