Type 054A Jiangkai-II Class

The Type 054A (NATO designation: Jiangkai-II class) is the new-generation multirole missile frigate first introduced in 2005, capable of air defence, anti-submarine, anti-surface, and general purpose operations. 27 hulls have already been commissioned by the PLA Navy as of April 2018.

Programme

The Type 054A is a development of the Type 054 introduced in 2005, using the same hull but with improved weapons and sensors. The first-of-class Zhoushan(529) was launched at the Guangzhou Huangpu in December 2006. The frigate class has been built in three batches, with 8 hulls in the Batch-I configuration launched between 2006 and 2010; 8 hulls in the Batch-II configuration launched between 2010 and 2012, and 10 hulls in the Batch-III configuration launched between 2013 and 2017.

The Type 054A represents a significant improvement over the previous Type 054, exceeding some older destroyer classes in firepower and capability. Most of the frigate’s weapon systems and sensors were developed from Russian technologies, including the VLS-launched HHQ-16 air defence missile (copy of the SA-N-7/12), the Fregat-M2EM (‘Top Plate’) 3D air search radar, the MR90 ‘Front Dome’ SAM fire-control radar, the MR331 Mineral-ME (‘Band Stand’) AShM fire-control radar, and the MGK-335EM-03 (‘Bull Horn’ and ‘Whale Tongue’) hull-mounted medium-frequency sonar suite.

The Type 054A is also the first Chinese frigate class capable of global operations. Type 054A frigates have been frequently spotted in the Chinese naval task forces deployed to the Gulf of Aden for counter-piracy operations. In February 2011, Type 054 frigate Xuzhou (530) was deployed to Libya as part of the operations to evacuate Chinese citizens caught in the civil war. In March 2015, two Type 054 frigates Linyi (547) and Weifang (550) and a replenishment ship called the Port of Aden to evacuate Chinese citizens from the war-torn Yemen.

The Type 054A is fitted with a 32-cell vertical launch system (VLS), with four H/AKJ-16 8-cell modules installed on the bow deck behind the main gun. Developed by Luoyang Electro-Optics Technology Development Centre (EOTDC), the VLS utilises a ‘Hot’ launch method similar to the U.S. Mark 41, with each 8-cell module (2 rows of 4 missile cells) a common exhaust system located between the two rows. The VLS is capable of firing both the 40 km-range HHQ-16 air defence missiles and the rocket-propelled Yu-8 anti-submarine torpedoes.

The HHQ-16 is the naval variant of the land-based HQ-16 surface-to-air missile, jointly developed with Russia based on the 9M38 series of missiles that form part of the Russian Almaz-Antey Shtil system seen on the Sovremenny class (Project 956E/956EM) and Type 052B (Luyang class) destroyers, with features of the improved 9M317 missile. The semi-active radar-homing missile has an operational range of about 40 km, though this has been extended to 70 km on an improved variant HQ-16B.

The frigate’s VLS can also be used for launching the Yu-8 rocket-propelled anti-submarine torpedo1. No detailed information on the weapon system is available but it is believed to be comparable to the U.S. ASROC system.

The Type 054A retains its predecessor’s stealth features, including sloped hull design, radar absorbent materials, and a clean profile. The frigate is powered by four SEMT Pielstick (now MAN Diesel SA) 16 PA6V-280 STC diesel engines, one of the most advanced diesel engine designs in Europe. A similar 12 PA6V-280 STC engine with less power is also used by the French La Fayette class frigate. China imported the 16 PA6V-280 STC diesel technology in the late 1990s and has been producing the diesel locally under license at Shaanxi Diesel Factory.

Systems

Weapons

  • 2x 6-barrel Type 003A/FQF-3200 240-mm antisubmarine rocket launchers, firing the Type 81G rocket-propelled depth charge (34 kg warhead) to a maximum range of 1,200 m, with 36 rounds [1]
  • 1x H/PJ-26 single-barrel 76 mm/59-calibre gun (AK-176 copy), firing at a rate of 60 to 120 rounds/min to 11.5 to 15.5 km range against air and surface targets [2]
  • 4x 8-cell H/AKJ-16 VLS [3]
    • HHQ-16 SAM, semi-active radar-homing, 40 to 70 km range
    • Yu-8 rocket-propelled antisubmarine rocket
  • 2x 4-cell YJ-83 subsonic sea-skimming ASCM, active radar-homing to deliver a 165 kg warhead to a range in excess of 180 km [8]
  • 2x Type 730 CIWS, firing at a rate of 4,200 rounds/min to a 3,500 m range against aircraft and 2,500 m against anti-ship missile [9]; or 2x Type 1130 CIWS firing at a rate of 10,000 rounds/min
  • 2x 3-barrel Type 7424 324 mm torpedo launchers (B.515S copy)
    • Yu-7 active/passive acoustic-homing anti-submarine torpedo, 45 kg warhead, 7.3 km range, 28 knots speed, 6 to 400 m search/attack depth
  • 2x 6-barrel Type 003A/FQF-3200 240-mm antisubmarine rocket launchers [11]
    • Type 81G rocket-propelled depth charge, 34 kg warhead, 1,200 m range, with 36 rounds

Sensors

  • H/LJQ-366 (MR331 Mineral-ME ‘Band Stand’ copy), I-band, YJ-83 AShM fire-control [4]
  • 4x MR90 (‘Front Dome’ copy), F-band, HHQ-16 SAM fire-control [5]
  • H/LJP-349A, 76 mm main gun fire-control [6]
  • H/LJQ-382 3D air/surface search (Fregat-M2EM ‘Top Plate’ copy), E-band, capable of tracking up to 100 targets and engaging with 10 of them simultaneously, 150 km range against aircraft and 50 km against sea-skimming missile [7]
  • 2x H/LJP-349 J-band, CIWS fire-control [9]
  • 2x Type 4 electro-optical director (EOD), CIWS fire-control [9]
  • H/LJQ-364, G/H-band, air/surface search and surveillance [10]
  • 2x Racal Decca RM-1290 navigation radars located on the foremast yardarms
  • H/SJD-307 (Russian MGK-335EM-03 copy) hull-mounted medium-frequency sonar suite, integrating the MGK-355 ‘Bullhorn’ active and ‘Whale Tongue’ passive sonar.
  • H/SJD-206 towed array sonar system (TASS) for passive search
    • From the 17th hull (Batch-III), this was replaced by an H/SJD-311 variable depth sonar (VDS) for active search and attack.

Countermeasures

  • H/RJZ-726 active ECM suite consisting of interceptor and jammer
  • 2x H/RJZ-726-4A 24-barrelled (4 rolls of 6 cells) 122 mm decoy flare/chaff launcher
  • Type 562 towed acoustic torpedo decoy

Command & Control

  • Indigenous combat data system for air defence, anti-submarine warfare, electronic warfare, navigation, and communications.

Aviation

  • Stern hangar and flight deck
  • 1x Harbin Z-9C or Kamov Ka-28 ‘Helix’

Propulsion

  • Combined diesel and diesel (CODAD) arrangement
  • 4x Shaanxi Diesel copy of the SEMT Pielstick (now MAN Diesel SA) 16 PA6V-280 STC diesel, each rated at 4,720 kW (6,330 hp), producing 18,880 kW (25,320 hp) in total
  • Two shafts with controllable-pitch propellers
  • Two rudders

Specifications

  • PLA Designation: Type 054A
  • NATO code name: Jiangkai-II class
  • Type: Missile frigate (FFG)
  • Designer: CSIC China Ship Design & Research Centre (701 Institute)
  • Builders: CSSC Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding (Group) Co., Ltd., CSSC Guangzhou Huangpu Shipbuilding Co., Ltd.
  • In commission: 2008
  • Number: 27 launched, 25 commissioned (as of June 2017)
  • Displacement (t): 3,647 (standard), 4,053 (full load)
  • Length (m): 134.1
  • Beam (m): 15.2
  • Draft (m): 4.05
  • Speed (knots): 27
  • Range (nm): 8,000 at 15 knots
  • Crew: 180 to 190

Ship List

Batch-1

#  Name         No.   Builder   Fleet   Launched     Commissioned
----------------------------------------------------------------
1  Zhoushan     529   HdZh      ESF     2006-12-21   2008-01-03
2  Xuzhou       530   Hp        ESF     2006-09-30   2008-01-27
3  Huangshan    570   Hp        SSF     2007-03-19   2008-05-13
4  Hengyang*    568   HdZh      SSF     2007-05-23   2008-06-30
5  Yuncheng     571   Hp        SSF     2009-02-08   2010-01-27
6  Yulin        569   HdZh      SSF     2009-04-28   2010-02-01
7  Yiyang       548   Hp        SSF     2009-11-17   2010-10-26
8  Changzhou    549   HdZh      ESF     2010-05-21   2011-05-30

*ex-Chaohu, renamed in Feb 2012

Batch-2

#  Name         No.   Builder   Fleet   Launched     Commissioned
----------------------------------------------------------------
9  Yantai       538   Hp        NSF     2010-08-24   2011-07-30
10 Yancheng     546   HdZh      NSF     2011-04-27   2012-06-05
11 Hengshui     572   Hp        SSF     2011-05-21   2012-07-09
12 Liuzhou      573   HdZh      SSF     2011-12-10   2012-12-26
13 Linyi        547   Hp        NSF     2011-12-13   2012-12-22
14 Yueyang      575   Hp        SSF     2012-05-09   2013-05-03
15 Weifang      550   HdZh      NSF     2012-07-09   2013-06-22
16 Sanya        574   HdZh      SSF     2012-11-30   2013-12-13

Batch-3

#  Name         No.   Builder   Fleet   Launched     Commissioned
----------------------------------------------------------------
17 Huanggang    577   HdZh      ESF     2013-04-28   2015-01-16
18 Daqing       576   Hp        NSF     2013-10-08   2015-01-16
19 Handan       579   Hp        NSF     2014-07-26   2015-08-16
20 Yangzhou     578   HdZh      ESF     2013-09-30   2015-09-21
21 Jingzhou     532   HdZh      ESF     2015-01-22   2016-01-05
22 Xiangtan     531   Hp        ESF     2015-03-19   2016-02-24
23 Binzhou      515   HdZh      ESF     2015-12-13   2016-12-29
24 Xuchang      536   Hp        SSF     2016-05-30   2017-06-23
25 Wuhu         539   HdZh      NSF     2016-06-08   2017-06-29
26 Rizhao       598   Hp        NSF     2017-04-01   2018-01-12

Batch-4

#  Name         No.   Builder   Fleet   Launched     Commissioned
----------------------------------------------------------------
27 Anyang       599  HdZh       ESF     2017-03-28   2018-04

HdZh...Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard
Hp.....Huangpu Shipyard

NSF....North Sea Fleet
ESF....East Sea Fleet
SSF....South Sea Fleet

References

  1. 凤凰军事. 2012. 防务短评:054A型护卫舰性能一直被严重低估. [ONLINE] Available at: http://news.ifeng.com/mil/4/detail_2012_05/07/14366089_0.shtml. [Accessed 11 September 2017]. []

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