Type 056 Jiangdao Class

The Type 056 (NATO code name: Jiangdao class) is a class of light frigate designed for patrol, escort, and other general roles in coastal waters. Over 40 hulls in the class have been launched at four shipyards since 2012 for both domestic use and foreign customers. An improved Type 056A with enhanced anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capabilities was introduced in 2015.

Programme

The PLA Navy began to develop a light frigate in 2010 to replace its ageing Type 053H (Jianghu class) frigates and Type 037 (Hainan class) corvettes introduced in the 1980s/90s. The Type 056 is much smaller than the Type 054/A (Jiangkai-I/II class) in displacement, and its weapon systems and sensors are less capable and sophisticated. However, it offers a low-cost solution for mass construction in order to replace the large number of older patrol ships and corvettes in service with the PLA Navy.

The Type 056 inherited the clean sloped hull design featured by all modern Chinese indigenous frigates, with a 76 mm main gun installed on the bow deck and two 2-cell YJ-83 anti-ship missile launched at mid-ship. Most radar sensors are mounted on the main mast behind the bridge. The frigate has a stern flight deck for a medium-sized helicopter to take-off and land, but does not have a hangar.

Systems

Missiles

  • 1x H/PJ-26 single-barrel 76 mm/59-calibre gun (AK-176 copy), firing at a rate of 60—120 rounds/min to 11.5 to 15.5 km against air and surface targets [1]
  • 2x H/PJ-17 single-30 mm gun, 3,500 m range [5]
  • 2x dual-cell YJ-83 subsonic sea-skimming ASCM), active radar-homing to deliver a 165 kg warhead to a range in excess of 180 km [6]
  • 1x 8-cell HHQ-10 short-range SAM launcher, dual passive radar-/infrared-homing, 9 to 10 km range [7]
  • 2x 3-barrel Type 7424 324 mm torpedo launchers (B.515S copy)
    • Yu-7 active/passive acoustic-homing anti-submarine torpedo, 45 kg warhead, 7.3 km range, 28 knots speed, 6 to 400 m search/attack depth

Sensors

  • Type 4 electro-optical director (EOD), 76 mm/30 mm gun fire-control [2]
  • H/LJP-349A 76 mm/30 mm gun fire-control [3]
  • H/LJQ-360, E/F-band, air/surface search, 150 km range against aircraft and 50 km range against sea-skimming missile [4]
  • 2x Racal Decca RM-1290 navigation radar located on the foremast yardarms
  • Hull-mounted medium-frequency sonar for active/passive search and attack
    • (Type 056A) variable depth sonar (VDS) for active search and attack

Aviation

  • Stern flight deck for a medium-sized helicopter

Propulsion

  • Combined diesel and diesel (CODAD) arrangement
  • 2x Shaanxi Diesel copy of SEMT Pielstick 16 PA6V-280STC diesel, each rated at 6,330 hp (4.72 MW), producing 12,660 hp (9.44 MW) in total

Specifications

  • PLA designation: Type 056
  • NATO code name: Jiangdao class
  • Type: Light frigate (FFL)
  • Designer: CSIC China Ship Design & Research Centre (701 Institute)
  • Builders:
    • CSSC Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding (Group) Co., Ltd.
    • CSSC Guangzhou Huangpu Shipbuilding Co., Ltd.
    • CSIC Wuchang Shipbuilding Industry Co., Ltd.
    • CSIC Dalian Liaonan Shipyard
  • In commission: 2013
  • Number: 43 launched, 34 commissioned (July 2017)
  • Displacement (t): 1,300 (full load)
  • Length (m): 88.9
  • Beam (m): 11.14
  • Draft (m): 4.3
  • Speed (knots): 25
  • Range (nm): 3,200 at 18 knots
  • Crew: 60

Ship List

Name         No.    Builder   Fleet   Launched     Commissioned
----------------------------------------------------------------
Bengbu       582    HdZh      ESF     2012-05-23   2013-03-12
Datong       580    Ln        NSF     2012-08-10   2013-05-18
Shangrao     583    HdZh      ESF     2012-08-19   2013-06-10
Huizhou      596    Hp        HKG     2012-06-03   2013-07-01
Qinzhou      597    Hp        HKG     2012-08-30   2013-07-01
Meizhou      584    Wc        SSF     2012-07-31   2013-07-29
Yingkou      581    Ln        NSF     2012-11-18   2013-08-01
Bose         585    Wc        SSF     2012-10-25   2013-10-12
Ji'an        586    HdZh      ESF     2013-03-25   2014-01-08
Jieyang      587    Hp        SSF     2013-01-26   2014-01-26
Weihai       590    Ln        NSF     2013-08-01   2014-03-15
Luzhou       592    Wc        SSF     2013-07-16   2014-06-07
Qingyuan     589    Hp        SSF     2013-05-30   2014-06-11
Fushun       591    Ln        NSF     2013-08-01   2014-07-12
Quanzhou     588    HdZh      ESF     2013-06-25   2014-08-08
Sanmenxia    593    HdZh      ESF     2013-11-20   2014-11-13
Chaozhou     595    Wc        SSF     2013-11-14   2014-11-28
Zhuzhou      594    Hp        ESF     2013-11-30   2014-11-28
Suzhou       503    Wc        ESF     2014-05      2015-02-11
Xinyang      501    Ln        NSF     2014-05-01   2015-03-07
Huangshi     502    HdZh      ESF     2014-05-16   2015-05-06
Suqian       504    Hp        SSF     2014-06-29   2015-07-19
Qinhuangdao  505    HdZh      NSF     2014-10-11   2015-10-16
Jinmen       506    Hp        SSF     2014-12-27   2016-01
Tongren      507    HdZh      ESF     2015-03-19   2016-02-20
Qujing       508    Hp        SSF     2015-07-16   2016-06-08
Huai'an      509    HdZh      ESF     2015-08-15   2016-08-11
Heze         512    Ln        NSF     2015-07-07   2016-12-12
Baoding      511    Wc        ESF     2015-10-26   2016-12-12
Ningde       510    Hp        ESF     2015-10-16   2016-12-28
Ezhou        513    HdZh      ESF     2015-12-15   2017-01-18
Liupanshui   514    Hp        SSF     2016-03-31   2017-03-31
Yiwu         518    HdZh      ?       2016-05-20   -
Hanzhong     520    Hp        ?       2016-07-22   -
Xuancheng    535    Wc        ?       2016-08-26   -
Zhangye      540    Ln        NSF?    2016-09-14   -
Yichun       556    HdZh      ?       2016-09-07   -

HdZh...Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard
Hp.....Huangpu Shipyard
Ln.....Liaonan Shipyard
Wc.....Wuchang Shipyard

NSF....North Sea Fleet
ESF....East Sea Fleet
SSF....South Sea Fleet
HKG....Hong Kong Garrison

References

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