DF-16 (CSS-11) Short-Range Ballistic Missile

The DF-16 (Dong Feng-16; NATO reporting name: CSS-11) is a road-mobile, conventionally-armed, solid-fuelled short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) system developed and built by Sanjiang Space Group (Base 066, or the 9th Academy) of the China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation (CASIC). The missile has been in service with the PLA Rocket Force (PLARF) since the early 2010s and was first unveiled to the public during the Victory Day military parade in Beijing on 15 September 2015.

Jane’s Strategic Weapon Systems first reported in September 2012 that China was developing a new short- to medium-range ballistic missile designated DF-16. The 2015 U.S. DoD Report on the PRC Military Power mentioned the DF-16 (CSS-11) for the first time, stating that the missile had already been in operational deployment.

Based on limited information available, it is understood that the DF-16 has been developed by Sanjiang Space Group (Base 066, or the 9th Academy) of the China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation (CASIC). The missile was developed from the DF-11/M-11 (CSS-7) technology, but featuring a larger 1.2 m-diameter solid rocket engine and an extended range of 800—1,000 km. It has been suggested that the DF-16 has been designed to strike targets in Japan as well as U.S. military bases in Okinawa.

The missile is expected to be fitted with an Inertial Navigation System (INS) coupled with GPS mid-course guidance, plus a radar/optical terminal guidance system with a manoeuvrable re-entry vehicle (MaRV) to achieve a CEP of 5—10 m, enough for precision strike against a point target. The missile is carried on a five-axle (10 x 10) Sanjiang Wanshan (WS) series transporter-erector-launcher (TEL) vehicle as opposed to the four-axle (8 x 8) TEL used by the DF-11, indicating a significantly increased launch mass of the missile.










Class: Short-Range Ballistic Missile (SRBM)
Length: ?
Diameter: 1.20 m
Payload: Single conventional, with manoeuvrable re-entry vehicle (MaRV)
Propulsion: Solid propellant
Range: 800–1,000 km
Basing: Road-mobile
Status: Operational

Written by SinoDefence Editor

Freelance reporter and writer. Chinese military and space programme observer. Editor and publisher of SinoDefence.com and ChinaSpaceReport.com

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