china_coast_guard

China Coast Guard

The China Coast Guard (CCG) is a government agency responsible for maritime search and rescue and law enforcement in Chinese territorial waters. The CCG was formed in 2013 by combining a number of maritime law enforcement agencies under the jurisdiction of different government departments.

In March 2013, the First Session of the Twelfth National People’s Congress passed the Proposal for the State Council Organisational and Functional Reform, which saw the abolishment of a number of maritime law enforcement agencies, including the China Marine Surveillance (CMS) managed by the State Oceanic Administration (SOA), China Coast Guard of the Border Police Force of the Ministry of Public Security, China Fishery Law Enforcement managed by the Ministry of Agriculture, and Maritime Anti-Smuggling Police managed by the General Administration of Customs. Their assets and personnel were combined to form a new SOA, which uses the name of China Coast Guard (CCG) in law enforcement operations.

The new CCG and the restructured SOA are effectively a combined organisation (合署办公) under the Ministry of Land and Resources (MLR). It also receives direction from the Ministry of Public Security in its operations. The role of CCG Director is undertaken by a deputy director of the SOA, who is concurrently a deputy minister of the Ministry of Public Security, and the role of CCG Political Commissar by the director of the SOA. The CCG is organised along the military model, and its personnel are commissioned officers and enlisted servicemen carrying People’s Armed Police (PAP) ranks.

Command and control of the CCG is exercised by the CCG headquarters within the SOA in Beijing and three regional bureaus (North Sea, East Sea, and South Sea). Each of China’s coastal province and municipality has established a Coast Guard General Corps (海警总队, CGGC). The Liaoning, Tianjin, Hebei, and Shandong CGGC are under the subordination of the North Sea Bureau headquartered in Qingdao; the Jiangsu, Shanghai, Zhejiang, and Fujian CGGC are under the subordination of the East Sea Bureau headquartered in Shanghai; the Guangdong, Hainan, and Guangxi CGGC are under the subordination of the South Sea Bureau headquartered in Guangzhou. Each CGGC has established 1 to 3 Coast Guard flotillas (海警支队) to operate within their area of responsibility.

At the time of its establishment, the CCG has a total strength of 16,296 personnel and a total warship tonnage of over 360,000 tonnes, including 135 vessels of over 1,000-tonne displacement. Over the past few years, the PLA Navy has transferred many of its obsolete frigates to the CCG to be converted into law enforcement cutters, while new vessels were being launched at the same time. The CCG also operate a handful of the Harbin Z-9 helicopter, Harbin Y-12 utility aircraft, and Xi’an MA-60H maritime patrol aircraft.

CCG Order of Battle

  • North Sea Bureau (Qingdao)
    • Liaoning Coast Guard General Corps
      • 1st Coast Guard Flotilla (Dalian)
      • 2nd Coast Guard Flotilla (Dandong)
    • Tianjin Coast Guard General Corps
      • 1st Coast Guard Flotilla (Tianjin)
    • Hebei Coast Guard General Corps
      • 1st Coast Guard Flotilla (Qinhuangdao)
    • Shandong Coast Guard General Corps
      • 1st Coast Guard Flotilla (Weihai)
      • 2nd Coast Guard Flotilla (Qingdao)
  • East Sea Bureau (Shanghai)
    • Jiangsu Coast Guard General Corps
      • 1st Coast Guard Flotilla (Taicang)
    • Shanghai Coast Guard General Corps
      • 1st Coast Guard Flotilla (Shanghai)
    • Zhejiang Coast Guard General Corps
      • 1st Coast Guard Flotilla (Taizhou)
      • 2nd Coast Guard Flotilla (Ningbo)
    • Fujian Coast Guard General Corps
      • 1st Coast Guard Flotilla (Fuzhou)
      • 2nd Coast Guard Flotilla (Quanzhou)
      • 3rd Coast Guard Flotilla (Xiamen)
  • South Sea Bureau (Guangzhou)
    • Guangdong Coast Guard General Corps
      • 1st Coast Guard Flotilla (Guangzhou)
      • 2nd Coast Guard Flotilla (Shantou)
      • 3rd Coast Guard Flotilla (Zhanjiang)
    • Hainan Coast Guard General Corps
      • 1st Coast Guard Flotilla (Haikou)
      • 2nd Coast Guard Flotilla (Sanya)
    • Guangxi Coast Guard General Corps
      • 1st Coast Guard Flotilla (Beihai)
      • 2nd Coast Guard Flotilla (Fangchenggang)

Last updated: 1 January 2017