Space Systems

China has launched a wide range of military and dual-use satellites in recent years for communications, reconnaissance, weather, and navigation roles. It is also actively seeking land- and space-based anti-satellite capabilities.

For more information regarding China’s space programme, please visit our sister site China Space Report.

Communications

Designation               Purpose                    Orbit     No.   Year
Fenghuo 1 (ChinaSat 22)   Communications (DFH-3)     GEO       2     2000-2006
Fenghuo 2 (ChinaSat 1)    Communications (DFH-4)     GEO       2     2011-2015
Shentong 1 (ChinaSat 20)  Communications (DFH-3)     GEO       2     2003-2010
Shentong 2 (ChinaSat 2)   Communications (DFH-4)     GEO       2     2012-2015
Tianlian 1                Data relay (DFH-3)         GEO       4     2008-2016
Tiantong 1                Mobile comsat              GEO       1     2016

Earth Observation

Designation               Purpose                    Orbit     No.   Year
Fengyun 2                 Meteorology                GEO       7     1997-2014
Fengyun 3                 Meteorology                LEO       3     2008-2013
Fengyun 4                 Meteorology                GEO       1     2016
Gaofen 1                  Earth imaging, optical     LEO       1     2013
Gaofen 2                  Earth imaging, optical     LEO       1     2014
Gaofen 3                  Earth imaging, radar       LEO       1     2016
Gaofen 4                  Earth imaging, optical     GEO       1     2015
Gaofen 8                  Earth imaging, optical     LEO       1     2015
Gaofen 9                  Earth imaging, optical     LEO       1     2015
Tianhui 1                 Mapping/survey             LEO       3     2010-2015
Kuaizhou 1                Earth imaging, optical     LEO       1     2013
Kuaizhou 2                Earth imaging, optical     LEO       1     2014
Yaogan 1                  Reconnaissance, radar      LEO       3     2006-2010
Yaogan 2                  Reconnaissance, optical    LEO       6     2007-2016
Yaogan 5                  Reconnaissance, optical    LEO       3     2008-2014
Yaogan 6                  Reconnaissance, radar      LEO       4     2009-2014
Yaogan 8                  Reconnaissance, optical    LEO       5     2009-2015
Yaogan 9                  Ocean surveillance         LEO       5x3   2010-2014
Yaogan 14                 Reconnaissance, optical    LEO       2     2012-2015
Yaogan 26                 Reconnaissance, optical    LEO       1     2014
Ziyuan 2                  Earth imaging, optical     LEO       3     2000-2004
Ziyuan 3                  Mapping/survey             LEO       2     2012-2016

Navigation and Positioning

Designation               Purpose                    Orbit     No.   Year
Beidou 1                  Navigation                 GEO       4     2000-2007
Beidou 2G                 Navigation                 GEO       7     2010-2016
Beidou 2IGSO              Navigation                 IGSO      4     2010-2016
Beidou 2M                 Navigation                 MEO       5     2007-2012
Beidou 3I (Type 1)        Navigation                 IGSO      1     2015
Beidou 3I (Type 2)        Navigation                 IGSO      1     2015
Beidou 3M (Type 1)        Navigation                 MEO       2     2015
Beidou 3M (Type 2)        Navigation                 MEO       1     2016

Launch Vehicles

Designation               Stages        Boosters     Engine        Introduction
Kuaizhou                  4             0            Solid         2013
Long March 2C             2             0            Liquid        1982
Long March 2D             2             0            Liquid        1992
Long March 3A             3             0            Liquid        1994
Long March 3B             3             4            Liquid        1996
Long March 3C             3             2            Liquid        2008
Long March 4B             3             0            Liquid        1999
Long March 4C             3             0            Liquid        2006
Long March 5              2             4            Liquid        2016
Long March 6              3             0            Liquid        2015
Long March 7              2             4            Liquid        2016
Long March 11             4             0            Solid         2015

Launch Sites

Launch Complex                Year of Construction             Status
Jiuquan LC2A (Pad 5020)       1966                             Deactivated
Jiuquan LC2B (pad 138)        1970                             Deactivated
Jiuquan LC3A                  1960                             Deactivated
Jiuquan LC3B                  1960                             Deactivated
Jiuquan Mobile Pad            2012                             Operational
Jiuquan SLS1                  1998                             Operational
Jiuquan SLS2                  2003                             Operational
Taiyuan CZ-6 Pad              2015                             Operational
Taiyuan LC7                   1988                             Operational
Taiyuan LC9                   2008                             Operational
Wenchang LC101                2014                             Operational
Wenchang LC201                2014                             Operational
Xichang LC2                   1990                             Operational
Xichang LC3                   1984                             Operational
Xichang Mobile Pad            2012?                            Operational

Last updated: 1 January 2017

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