The PLA has retired most of its obsolete combat aircraft and replaced them with 4th-generation aircraft of indigenous or Russian origin, and is developing 5th-generation fighter, large transport aircraft, and long-range bomber.
The PLA saw a significant expansion of its naval forces over the past two decades, with the introduction of aircraft carrier as well as newer surface combatants, submarines, amphibious warfare ships, and replenishment ships.
The PLA’s large number of Cold War-era land warfare systems are being gradually phased out and replaced by newer, more modern systems.
The PLA has maintained a small force of land- and sea-based nuclear ballistic missiles, and the world’s largest inventory of conventionally-armed medium- and short-range ballistic missiles and land-attack cruise missiles.
The PLA has been expanding its utilization of unmanned systems, in particular, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), for both ISR and combat roles.
The PLA operates a diverse mix of indigenously manufactured and imported Russian air-to-air missiles, air-to-surface missiles, anti-ship missiles, and precision guided munitions.
The PLA is a major user of anti-ship cruise missile (ASCM) technology, and China both produces and exports a wide range of ASCMs in all categories.
The PLA is equipped with a mixture of indigenous, Russian, and Western air defence missile systems for both regional and field air defence roles.
China has launched a wide range of military and dual-use satellites in recent years for communications, reconnaissance, weather, and navigation roles. It is also actively seeking land- and space-based anti-satellite capabilities.